The role of a terminal chain in promoting the twist-bend nematic phase

the synthesis and characterisation of the 1-(4-cyanobiphenyl-4′-yl)-6-(4-alkyloxyanilinebenzylidene-4′-oxy)hexanes

Daniel A. Paterson, Catriona A. Crawford, Damian Pociecha, Rebecca Walker, John M.D. Storey, Ewa Gorecka, Corrie T. Imrie*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The syntheses and characterisation of the first 10 homologues of the 1-(4-cyanobiphenyl-4′-yl)-6-(4-alkyloxyanilinebenzylidene-4′-oxy)hexanes (CB6O.Om) are reported. All 10 homologues exhibit nematic, N, and twist-bend nematic, NTB, phases. In addition, an intercalated, anticlinic smectic C, SmCA, phase is observed for m = 3–5. A second smectic phase is seen for m = 4,5 but for which no structural information was obtained. For short chain lengths, the local packing in the nematic phases is an intercalated arrangement. As the chain length increases monolayer fluctuations are observed in both nematic phases. The NTB-N and N-isotropic transition temperatures exhibit a weak odd-even effect as m is increased in which even members show the higher values. This behaviour is accounted for in terms of the change in shape anisotropy and the dilution of the interactions between the mesogenic units on increasing m. The N-I transition temperature falls faster than the NTB-N temperature on increasing m suggesting that the dilution of the interactions between the mesogenic groups has a smaller effect on the shape-driven NTB-N transition than on N-I. Increasing the terminal chain length does not strongly promote smectic behaviour for the CB6O.Om series. This is attributed to the difficulties associated with packing these bent molecules into smectic arrangements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2341-2351
Number of pages11
JournalLiquid Crystals
Volume45
Issue number13-15
Early online date16 Oct 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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Hexanes
Hexane
Chain length
Dilution
Superconducting transition temperature
dilution
synthesis
transition temperature
Monolayers
Anisotropy
interactions
anisotropy
Molecules
molecules
Temperature
temperature

Keywords

  • dimer
  • intercalated phases
  • terminal chain
  • Twist-bend nematic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

The role of a terminal chain in promoting the twist-bend nematic phase : the synthesis and characterisation of the 1-(4-cyanobiphenyl-4′-yl)-6-(4-alkyloxyanilinebenzylidene-4′-oxy)hexanes. / Paterson, Daniel A.; Crawford, Catriona A.; Pociecha, Damian; Walker, Rebecca; Storey, John M.D.; Gorecka, Ewa; Imrie, Corrie T.

In: Liquid Crystals, Vol. 45, No. 13-15, 2018, p. 2341-2351.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "The role of a terminal chain in promoting the twist-bend nematic phase: the synthesis and characterisation of the 1-(4-cyanobiphenyl-4′-yl)-6-(4-alkyloxyanilinebenzylidene-4′-oxy)hexanes",
abstract = "The syntheses and characterisation of the first 10 homologues of the 1-(4-cyanobiphenyl-4′-yl)-6-(4-alkyloxyanilinebenzylidene-4′-oxy)hexanes (CB6O.Om) are reported. All 10 homologues exhibit nematic, N, and twist-bend nematic, NTB, phases. In addition, an intercalated, anticlinic smectic C, SmCA, phase is observed for m = 3–5. A second smectic phase is seen for m = 4,5 but for which no structural information was obtained. For short chain lengths, the local packing in the nematic phases is an intercalated arrangement. As the chain length increases monolayer fluctuations are observed in both nematic phases. The NTB-N and N-isotropic transition temperatures exhibit a weak odd-even effect as m is increased in which even members show the higher values. This behaviour is accounted for in terms of the change in shape anisotropy and the dilution of the interactions between the mesogenic units on increasing m. The N-I transition temperature falls faster than the NTB-N temperature on increasing m suggesting that the dilution of the interactions between the mesogenic groups has a smaller effect on the shape-driven NTB-N transition than on N-I. Increasing the terminal chain length does not strongly promote smectic behaviour for the CB6O.Om series. This is attributed to the difficulties associated with packing these bent molecules into smectic arrangements.",
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note = "Funding EG and DP acknowledge the support of the National Science Centre (Poland) (Grant Number 2016/22/A/ST5/00319). RW gratefully acknowledges The Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland for funding the award of a PhD scholarship.",
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T1 - The role of a terminal chain in promoting the twist-bend nematic phase

T2 - the synthesis and characterisation of the 1-(4-cyanobiphenyl-4′-yl)-6-(4-alkyloxyanilinebenzylidene-4′-oxy)hexanes

AU - Paterson, Daniel A.

AU - Crawford, Catriona A.

AU - Pociecha, Damian

AU - Walker, Rebecca

AU - Storey, John M.D.

AU - Gorecka, Ewa

AU - Imrie, Corrie T.

N1 - Funding EG and DP acknowledge the support of the National Science Centre (Poland) (Grant Number 2016/22/A/ST5/00319). RW gratefully acknowledges The Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland for funding the award of a PhD scholarship.

PY - 2018

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N2 - The syntheses and characterisation of the first 10 homologues of the 1-(4-cyanobiphenyl-4′-yl)-6-(4-alkyloxyanilinebenzylidene-4′-oxy)hexanes (CB6O.Om) are reported. All 10 homologues exhibit nematic, N, and twist-bend nematic, NTB, phases. In addition, an intercalated, anticlinic smectic C, SmCA, phase is observed for m = 3–5. A second smectic phase is seen for m = 4,5 but for which no structural information was obtained. For short chain lengths, the local packing in the nematic phases is an intercalated arrangement. As the chain length increases monolayer fluctuations are observed in both nematic phases. The NTB-N and N-isotropic transition temperatures exhibit a weak odd-even effect as m is increased in which even members show the higher values. This behaviour is accounted for in terms of the change in shape anisotropy and the dilution of the interactions between the mesogenic units on increasing m. The N-I transition temperature falls faster than the NTB-N temperature on increasing m suggesting that the dilution of the interactions between the mesogenic groups has a smaller effect on the shape-driven NTB-N transition than on N-I. Increasing the terminal chain length does not strongly promote smectic behaviour for the CB6O.Om series. This is attributed to the difficulties associated with packing these bent molecules into smectic arrangements.

AB - The syntheses and characterisation of the first 10 homologues of the 1-(4-cyanobiphenyl-4′-yl)-6-(4-alkyloxyanilinebenzylidene-4′-oxy)hexanes (CB6O.Om) are reported. All 10 homologues exhibit nematic, N, and twist-bend nematic, NTB, phases. In addition, an intercalated, anticlinic smectic C, SmCA, phase is observed for m = 3–5. A second smectic phase is seen for m = 4,5 but for which no structural information was obtained. For short chain lengths, the local packing in the nematic phases is an intercalated arrangement. As the chain length increases monolayer fluctuations are observed in both nematic phases. The NTB-N and N-isotropic transition temperatures exhibit a weak odd-even effect as m is increased in which even members show the higher values. This behaviour is accounted for in terms of the change in shape anisotropy and the dilution of the interactions between the mesogenic units on increasing m. The N-I transition temperature falls faster than the NTB-N temperature on increasing m suggesting that the dilution of the interactions between the mesogenic groups has a smaller effect on the shape-driven NTB-N transition than on N-I. Increasing the terminal chain length does not strongly promote smectic behaviour for the CB6O.Om series. This is attributed to the difficulties associated with packing these bent molecules into smectic arrangements.

KW - dimer

KW - intercalated phases

KW - terminal chain

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