The Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN) 157: Guidelines on Risk Reduction and Management of Delirium: Communication

Roy L Soiza (Corresponding Author), Phyo K Myint

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)
2 Downloads (Pure)


The Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN) guideline on delirium is a major advance on existing guidelines on this condition. This is particularly important given the evidence it is frequently under-diagnosed and inadequately managed despite being common and frequently associated with significant patient and carer distress and poor outcomes. The guidelines recommend using the 4A’s test to help detect delirium. A bundle of mostly non-pharmacological therapies minimise the risk of developing delirium and can help those who develop the condition. The importance of medical optimisation by an experienced professional in those at risk of delirium is highlighted with new recommendations for people in intensive care and surgical settings. There is guidance on follow-up of people with delirium, which should become routine. This commentary piece focusses on areas with the greatest potential to improve the experience and outcomes of those with delirium, and briefly discusses areas of ongoing uncertainty.
Original languageEnglish
Article number491
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2019



  • Acute Confusion
  • Ageing
  • Delirium
  • Diagnosis
  • Encephalopathy
  • Guideline
  • Treatment
  • treatment
  • ageing
  • acute confusion
  • diagnosis
  • encephalopathy
  • guideline
  • delirium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this