The Triple Helix of University-Industry-Government Relations

Loet Leydesdorff, Martin S. Meyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

121 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Triple Helix of university-industry-government relations provides a neo-evolutionary model of the process of innovation that is amenable to measurement. Economic exchange, intellectual organization, and geographical constraints can be considered as different dynamics that interact in a knowledge-based economy as a complex system. Differentiation spans the systems of innovation, while performative integration enables organizations to retain wealth from knowledge. Because of the systematic organization of interfaces among the subsystems under study, different perspectives can be expected in the reflection. Consequences for the heuristics, the research design, and normative implications are specified and the organization of the issue is further explained.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-203
Number of pages13
JournalScientometrics
Volume58
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2003

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The Triple Helix of University-Industry-Government Relations'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this