Tsunami hazards in Europe

Alastair George Dawson, P. Lockett, S. Shi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tsunami represents one of the most potentially serious forms of coastal flood risk. Although much is known on the recorded history of tsunamis for given areas of the world, very little information is available on the occurrence of palaeotsunamis during prehistory. This is of fundamental importance in calculating tsunami flood risk for any given coastal area. Given sufficient information on past tsunami activity, for a particular coastal area, the numerical calculation of aggregate coastal flood risk (including tsunami) for a coastal area is very difficult to estimate since one needs also to take into account the risk of a tsunami and a storm surge taking place simultaneously during a high tide. Estimates of coastal flood risk also need to consider future changes in relative sea level caused by the combined effects of global climate change and vertical movements of the lithosphere. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)577-585
Number of pages8
JournalEnvironment International
Volume30
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004

Keywords

  • tsunami
  • storm surge
  • tides
  • asteroid impacts
  • relative sea level change
  • coastal flood risk
  • CRETACEOUS-TERTIARY BOUNDARY
  • SOUTHERN COASTAL WASHINGTON
  • CANARY-ISLANDS
  • LA-PALMA
  • FLANK INSTABILITY
  • LISBON EARTHQUAKE
  • STOREGGA SLIDES
  • NORTHEAST JAPAN
  • SEDIMENTATION
  • LANDSLIDES

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