Factor analysis and (two-component) end member mixing analysis (EMMA) were applied to high resolution stream chemistry data from three catchments to infer sources of iron- and manganese-rich runoff in the catchment area and to evaluate their temporal and spatial influence on the streamwater quality. Two Fe and Mn sources were identified: (a) an organic soilwater source, associated with Fe and Mn accumulation in the organic-rich upper soil horizons; and (b) a deep soilwater/groundwater source arising from reduced metal mobilization in the deeper soils. While: (a) provides the dominant Fe and Mn inputs during storm events; (b) becomes important just before peak flow when riparian groundwater is displaced into the stream, giving rise to high Fe and Mn concentrations. The timing of such high Fe and Mn loadings in the stream runoff has important implications for the water supply management of the catchment.
|Title of host publication||Proceedings of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences|
|Subtitle of host publication||IAHS-AISH Publication|
|Publication status||Published - 2006|
- Factor analysis
- Scotland, UK