Varieties of parity

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A central idea of developmental systems theory is ‘parity’ or ‘symmetry’ between genes and non-genetic factors of development. The precise content of this idea remains controversial, with different authors stressing different aspects and little explicit comparisons among the various interpretations. Here I characterise and assess several influential versions of parity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)903-918
Number of pages16
JournalBiology and Philosophy
Issue number6
Early online date21 Jul 2012
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2012


  • developmental systems
  • DNA
  • causation
  • information


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