Vegetation and soil 15N natural abundance in alpine grasslands on the Tibetan Plateau: Patterns and Implications

Yuanhe Yang, Chengjun Ji, David Robinson, Biao Zhu, Huajun Fang, Jingjun Fang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The natural abundance of nitrogen (N) stable isotopes (δ15N) has the potential to enhance our understanding of the ecosystem N cycle at large spatial scales. However, vegetation and soil δ15N patterns along climatic and edaphic gradients have not yet been fully understood, particularly for high-altitude ecosystems. Here we determined vegetation and soil δ15N in alpine grasslands on the Tibetan Plateau by conducting four consecutive regional surveys during 2001–2004, and then examined their relationships with both climatic and edaphic variables. Our results showed that both vegetation and soil N in Tibetan alpine grasslands were more 15N-enriched than global averages. Vegetation δ15N did not exhibit any significant trend along the temperature gradient, but decreased significantly with an increase in precipitation amount. In contrast, soil δ15N did not vary with either mean annual temperature or precipitation. Our results also indicated that soil δ15N exhibited a slight increase with clay content, but decreased with soil carbon:nitrogen ratio. A general linear model analysis revealed that variations in vegetation δ15N were dominantly determined by climatic variables, whereas soil δ15N was related to edaphic variables. These results provide clues for potential climatic and edaphic regulations on ecosystem N cycle in these high-altitude regions
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1013-1024
Number of pages12
JournalEcosystems
Volume16
Issue number6
Early online date30 Apr 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2013

Fingerprint

plateaus
grasslands
grassland
plateau
Soils
vegetation
soil
Ecosystems
ecosystem
ecosystems
Nitrogen
nitrogen
soil carbon
temperature gradient
Isotopes
temperature profiles
carbon nitrogen ratio
stable isotope
Thermal gradients
stable isotopes

Keywords

  • carbon:nitrogen ratio
  • climate
  • isotope
  • nitrogen cycle
  • soil δ15N
  • soil texture
  • vegetation δ15N

Cite this

Vegetation and soil 15N natural abundance in alpine grasslands on the Tibetan Plateau : Patterns and Implications. / Yang, Yuanhe; Ji, Chengjun; Robinson, David; Zhu, Biao; Fang, Huajun; Fang, Jingjun.

In: Ecosystems, Vol. 16, No. 6, 09.2013, p. 1013-1024.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yang, Yuanhe ; Ji, Chengjun ; Robinson, David ; Zhu, Biao ; Fang, Huajun ; Fang, Jingjun. / Vegetation and soil 15N natural abundance in alpine grasslands on the Tibetan Plateau : Patterns and Implications. In: Ecosystems. 2013 ; Vol. 16, No. 6. pp. 1013-1024.
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abstract = "The natural abundance of nitrogen (N) stable isotopes (δ15N) has the potential to enhance our understanding of the ecosystem N cycle at large spatial scales. However, vegetation and soil δ15N patterns along climatic and edaphic gradients have not yet been fully understood, particularly for high-altitude ecosystems. Here we determined vegetation and soil δ15N in alpine grasslands on the Tibetan Plateau by conducting four consecutive regional surveys during 2001–2004, and then examined their relationships with both climatic and edaphic variables. Our results showed that both vegetation and soil N in Tibetan alpine grasslands were more 15N-enriched than global averages. Vegetation δ15N did not exhibit any significant trend along the temperature gradient, but decreased significantly with an increase in precipitation amount. In contrast, soil δ15N did not vary with either mean annual temperature or precipitation. Our results also indicated that soil δ15N exhibited a slight increase with clay content, but decreased with soil carbon:nitrogen ratio. A general linear model analysis revealed that variations in vegetation δ15N were dominantly determined by climatic variables, whereas soil δ15N was related to edaphic variables. These results provide clues for potential climatic and edaphic regulations on ecosystem N cycle in these high-altitude regions",
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