Velocity Measurements of a Free-Surface Turbulent Flow Penetrating a Porous Medium Composed of Uniform-Size Spheres

Dubravka Pokrajac, Costantino Manes

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46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present a laboratory experimental investigation of the interaction between the turbulent flow in an open channel and the turbulent flow within its very permeable bed. The bed was composed of uniform-size spheres packed in a cubic pattern. Fluid velocities were measured by Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV), which allowed us to investigate the spatial distribution of the time-averaged flow properties in the zone where they are strongly affected by the geometry of the rough bed. We investigate the effect of bed porosity on these flow properties by comparing the results of two experimental configurations: one with an impermeable bed composed of a single layer of spheres and another with a permeable bed composed of five layers. For the latter case, PIV measurements of velocities were also carried out inside two pores adjacent to the bed surface. This data provides an insight into the mechanisms of momentum transfer between the turbulent open channel flow and the turbulent flow within its very permeable bed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)367-383
Number of pages17
JournalTransport in Porous Media
Volume78
Issue number3
Early online date7 Feb 2009
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2009

Keywords

  • Turbulent porous media flows
  • Rough bed open channel flows
  • Spatial flow structure
  • PIV
  • Channel flow
  • Boundary-conditions
  • Homogeneous fluid
  • Momentum-transfer
  • Rough-bed
  • Interface
  • Water
  • Wall
  • Turbulent porous media flows
  • Rough bed open channel flows
  • Spatial flow structure
  • PIV

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