Ventilation and oxygen uptake during escape from a civil aircraft

J A Ross, S J Watt, G D Henderson, J H Vant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

To help develop a specification for equipment providing personal respiratory protection in the event of aircraft fire a study was carried out to quantify ventilation and oxygen consumption during escape from a Trident aircraft. Data were gathered using the P.K. Morgan 'Oxylog' apparatus after its response time to rapid changes in inspired to expired oxygen concentration difference was assessed using a bench test. The 'Oxylog' had a lag time of 30-32 s and a 5-95% response typified by a half time of 20 s. The data gathered were corrected in the light of these findings. Fourteen male subjects aged 17-38 years were studied under two conditions. Four mass evacuations each involving 40 people; a total of nine subjects escaping from the front rank over eight seats being monitored. Six evacuations each involving only two people escaping from the rear of the cabin; a total of 11 subjects escaping over 14 seats being monitored. Escape was made over the seat backs, down an escape chute to a position 12 m from the base of the chute. Resting minute ventilation (mean 16.7 1 STPD) and oxygen consumption (mean 0.41 min-1 STPD) were similar before both evacuations. There were no significant differences between the two conditions either during, or up to 180 s after escape. Ventilation and oxygen consumption were greatest in the recovery period. The highest oxygen consumption seen was 2.08 l min-1 and maximum minute ventilation was 641. Mean total oxygen consumption for the escape and a 150 s recovery period was 2.41 l (s.d. 0.64, max. 3.11) for the mass evacuation and 2.97 l (s.d. 0.68, max. 4.09) for the two person evacuation. The mean total amount of gas inhaled during the same time period was 89.3 l (s.d. 25.6, max. 121.3) for the mass evacuation and 99.01 (s.d. 26.2, max. 137.3) for the other. These was no correlation between ventilation or oxygen consumption and either escape time, body weight, height or age.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-24
Number of pages12
JournalErgonomics
Volume33
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1990

Fingerprint

Aircraft
Oxygen Consumption
aircraft
Ventilation
Oxygen
Seats
Body Height
Recovery
body weight
Reaction Time
Gases
Body Weight
time
Fires
Equipment and Supplies
human being
event
Specifications

Keywords

  • Accidents, Aviation
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aerospace Medicine
  • Fires
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Models, Biological
  • Oxygen Consumption
  • Physical Exertion
  • Respiration
  • Respiratory Protective Devices
  • Videotape Recording

Cite this

Ventilation and oxygen uptake during escape from a civil aircraft. / Ross, J A; Watt, S J; Henderson, G D; Vant, J H.

In: Ergonomics, Vol. 33, No. 1, 1990, p. 13-24.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ross, J A ; Watt, S J ; Henderson, G D ; Vant, J H. / Ventilation and oxygen uptake during escape from a civil aircraft. In: Ergonomics. 1990 ; Vol. 33, No. 1. pp. 13-24.
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N2 - To help develop a specification for equipment providing personal respiratory protection in the event of aircraft fire a study was carried out to quantify ventilation and oxygen consumption during escape from a Trident aircraft. Data were gathered using the P.K. Morgan 'Oxylog' apparatus after its response time to rapid changes in inspired to expired oxygen concentration difference was assessed using a bench test. The 'Oxylog' had a lag time of 30-32 s and a 5-95% response typified by a half time of 20 s. The data gathered were corrected in the light of these findings. Fourteen male subjects aged 17-38 years were studied under two conditions. Four mass evacuations each involving 40 people; a total of nine subjects escaping from the front rank over eight seats being monitored. Six evacuations each involving only two people escaping from the rear of the cabin; a total of 11 subjects escaping over 14 seats being monitored. Escape was made over the seat backs, down an escape chute to a position 12 m from the base of the chute. Resting minute ventilation (mean 16.7 1 STPD) and oxygen consumption (mean 0.41 min-1 STPD) were similar before both evacuations. There were no significant differences between the two conditions either during, or up to 180 s after escape. Ventilation and oxygen consumption were greatest in the recovery period. The highest oxygen consumption seen was 2.08 l min-1 and maximum minute ventilation was 641. Mean total oxygen consumption for the escape and a 150 s recovery period was 2.41 l (s.d. 0.64, max. 3.11) for the mass evacuation and 2.97 l (s.d. 0.68, max. 4.09) for the two person evacuation. The mean total amount of gas inhaled during the same time period was 89.3 l (s.d. 25.6, max. 121.3) for the mass evacuation and 99.01 (s.d. 26.2, max. 137.3) for the other. These was no correlation between ventilation or oxygen consumption and either escape time, body weight, height or age.

AB - To help develop a specification for equipment providing personal respiratory protection in the event of aircraft fire a study was carried out to quantify ventilation and oxygen consumption during escape from a Trident aircraft. Data were gathered using the P.K. Morgan 'Oxylog' apparatus after its response time to rapid changes in inspired to expired oxygen concentration difference was assessed using a bench test. The 'Oxylog' had a lag time of 30-32 s and a 5-95% response typified by a half time of 20 s. The data gathered were corrected in the light of these findings. Fourteen male subjects aged 17-38 years were studied under two conditions. Four mass evacuations each involving 40 people; a total of nine subjects escaping from the front rank over eight seats being monitored. Six evacuations each involving only two people escaping from the rear of the cabin; a total of 11 subjects escaping over 14 seats being monitored. Escape was made over the seat backs, down an escape chute to a position 12 m from the base of the chute. Resting minute ventilation (mean 16.7 1 STPD) and oxygen consumption (mean 0.41 min-1 STPD) were similar before both evacuations. There were no significant differences between the two conditions either during, or up to 180 s after escape. Ventilation and oxygen consumption were greatest in the recovery period. The highest oxygen consumption seen was 2.08 l min-1 and maximum minute ventilation was 641. Mean total oxygen consumption for the escape and a 150 s recovery period was 2.41 l (s.d. 0.64, max. 3.11) for the mass evacuation and 2.97 l (s.d. 0.68, max. 4.09) for the two person evacuation. The mean total amount of gas inhaled during the same time period was 89.3 l (s.d. 25.6, max. 121.3) for the mass evacuation and 99.01 (s.d. 26.2, max. 137.3) for the other. These was no correlation between ventilation or oxygen consumption and either escape time, body weight, height or age.

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