Vocation, Mental Illness and the Absenteeism Decision

Ourega Ejebu (Corresponding Author), Diane Skatun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: We explore sickness absenteeism variations within the public sector and in particular the role of mental illness. Distinctively, the public sector is segmented into vocational and non-vocational sector; assuming that vocation lead to a different degree of job attachment and alter sickness leave decision.

Methods: Using British Household Panel Survey, random-effects logit models are applied to estimate the odds ratio of sickness absence with alternative measures of vocational employment. The association between mental illness and sickness absence is also explored.

Results: Absenteeism and the effect of mental illness on absenteeism rates vary within the public sector after controlling for socio-economic factors. The public vocational sector had the largest sickness absence odds ratios.

Conclusions: Differences between absenteeism rates across sectors may be more about the nature of the job and less about the nature of the sector.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1136-1142
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Volume60
Issue number12
Early online date1 Dec 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018

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Absenteeism
Public Sector
Occupations
Odds Ratio
Logistic Models
Economics

Keywords

  • sickness absence
  • public sector
  • vocational sector
  • mental illness
  • random-effects logit

Cite this

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abstract = "Objectives: We explore sickness absenteeism variations within the public sector and in particular the role of mental illness. Distinctively, the public sector is segmented into vocational and non-vocational sector; assuming that vocation lead to a different degree of job attachment and alter sickness leave decision.Methods: Using British Household Panel Survey, random-effects logit models are applied to estimate the odds ratio of sickness absence with alternative measures of vocational employment. The association between mental illness and sickness absence is also explored.Results: Absenteeism and the effect of mental illness on absenteeism rates vary within the public sector after controlling for socio-economic factors. The public vocational sector had the largest sickness absence odds ratios.Conclusions: Differences between absenteeism rates across sectors may be more about the nature of the job and less about the nature of the sector.",
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