Volitional processes and daily smoking: examining inter- and intraindividual associations around a quit attempt

Corina Berli, Sibylle Ochsner, Gertraud Stadler, Nina Knoll, Rainer Hornung, Urte Scholz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


The Health Action Process Approach (HAPA) assumes that volitional processes are important for effective behavioral change. However, intraindividual associations have not yet been tested in the context of smoking cessation. This study examined the inter- and intraindividual associations between volitional HAPA variables and daily smoking before and after a quit attempt. Overall, 100 smokers completed daily surveys on mobile phones from 10 days before until 21 days after a self-set quit date, including self-efficacy, action planning, action control, and numbers of cigarettes smoked. Negative associations between volitional variables and daily numbers of cigarettes smoked emerged at the inter- and intraindividual level. Except for interindividual action planning, associations were stronger after the quit date than before the quit date. Self-efficacy, planning and action control were identified as critical inter- and intraindividual processes in smoking cessation, particularly after a self-set quit attempt when actual behavior change is performed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)306-17
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Behavioral Medicine
Issue number2
Early online date8 Oct 2014
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2015


  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Female
  • Health Behavior change
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Self Efficacy
  • Smoking
  • Smoking Cessation
  • Volitional processes
  • Young Adult
  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Health Action Process Approach
  • Inter- and intraindividual


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