Vulnerable children, stigmatised smokers: The social construction of target audiences in media debates on policies regulating smoking in vehicles

Josh Bain, Heide Weishaar, Sean Semple, Sheila Duffy, Shona Hilton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Following restrictions on smoking in vehicles carrying children in several countries, legislation to safeguard minors from second-hand smoke exposure in vehicles is under-consideration or has been implemented across the United Kingdom. This article presents the first investigation into social constructions of children, smokers and smoking parents in newsprint media and coverage of debates about protecting children from exposure to second-hand smoke in vehicles. Using Scotland as an example, articles on children's exposure to second-hand smoke published between 1 January 2004 and 16 February 2014 in three Scottish newspapers were identified using Nexis UK. In all, 131 articles were thematically coded and analysed. Children were portrayed as vulnerable and requiring protection, with few articles highlighting children's ability to voice concerns about the dangers of smoking. Smokers and smoking parents were mainly portrayed in a factual manner, but also frequently as irresponsible and, in some cases, intentionally imposing harm. Individual smokers were blamed for their recklessness, with only a small number of articles mentioning the need to assist smokers in quitting. Supporters of legislation focused on corresponding discourse, whereas critics directed debates towards established arguments against policy, including individual freedom, privacy and problems of enforcement. Focusing on children's vulnerability to second-hand smoke might have increased support for legislation but risked a side effect of smokers being stigmatised. The media and supporters of public health policy are encouraged to consider appropriate approaches to raise awareness of the health harms of second-hand smoke to children while avoiding unintended stigmatisation of those in which they want to encourage behaviour change.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)633-649
Number of pages17
JournalHealth (London, England : 1997)
Volume21
Issue number6
Early online date24 Jul 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2017

Fingerprint

social construction
smoking
Tobacco Smoke Pollution
Smoking
Legislation
legislation
parents
Parents
Minors
Stereotyping
Newspapers
Aptitude
Privacy
stigmatization
Scotland
Public Policy
Health Policy
health policy
privacy
critic

Keywords

  • children
  • media analysis
  • second-hand smoke exposure
  • smoking in vehicles
  • stigmatisation

Cite this

Vulnerable children, stigmatised smokers : The social construction of target audiences in media debates on policies regulating smoking in vehicles. / Bain, Josh; Weishaar, Heide; Semple, Sean; Duffy, Sheila; Hilton, Shona.

In: Health (London, England : 1997), Vol. 21, No. 6, 01.11.2017, p. 633-649.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bain, Josh ; Weishaar, Heide ; Semple, Sean ; Duffy, Sheila ; Hilton, Shona. / Vulnerable children, stigmatised smokers : The social construction of target audiences in media debates on policies regulating smoking in vehicles. In: Health (London, England : 1997). 2017 ; Vol. 21, No. 6. pp. 633-649.
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abstract = "Following restrictions on smoking in vehicles carrying children in several countries, legislation to safeguard minors from second-hand smoke exposure in vehicles is under-consideration or has been implemented across the United Kingdom. This article presents the first investigation into social constructions of children, smokers and smoking parents in newsprint media and coverage of debates about protecting children from exposure to second-hand smoke in vehicles. Using Scotland as an example, articles on children's exposure to second-hand smoke published between 1 January 2004 and 16 February 2014 in three Scottish newspapers were identified using Nexis UK. In all, 131 articles were thematically coded and analysed. Children were portrayed as vulnerable and requiring protection, with few articles highlighting children's ability to voice concerns about the dangers of smoking. Smokers and smoking parents were mainly portrayed in a factual manner, but also frequently as irresponsible and, in some cases, intentionally imposing harm. Individual smokers were blamed for their recklessness, with only a small number of articles mentioning the need to assist smokers in quitting. Supporters of legislation focused on corresponding discourse, whereas critics directed debates towards established arguments against policy, including individual freedom, privacy and problems of enforcement. Focusing on children's vulnerability to second-hand smoke might have increased support for legislation but risked a side effect of smokers being stigmatised. The media and supporters of public health policy are encouraged to consider appropriate approaches to raise awareness of the health harms of second-hand smoke to children while avoiding unintended stigmatisation of those in which they want to encourage behaviour change.",
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