Warrior ideologies in first millennium AD Europe: New light on monumental warrior stelae from Scotland

Mark Hall, Nicholas Evans, Derek Hamilton, Juliette Mitchell, James O'Driscoll, Gordon Noble (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


In the first millennium AD a ‘heroic warrior ethos’ has been interpreted from the evidence of graves, historical sources and from poetic depictions. In northern Britain, the burial record of the later prehistoric to early medieval period is limited and there are few literary or historical sources. However, there is a rich sculptural record from this region and the discovery of a new warrior depiction on a massive monolith along with reconsideration of older discoveries reveals a distinctive materialization of a martial ideology enacted through the erection of carved stone monuments.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)127-144
Number of pages18
Issue number373
Early online date24 Jan 2020
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2020



  • Scotland
  • early medieval
  • late Roman
  • stelae
  • warrior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities(all)
  • Archaeology

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