In the first millennium AD a ‘heroic warrior ethos’ has been interpreted from the evidence of graves, historical sources and from poetic depictions. In northern Britain, the burial record of the later prehistoric to early medieval period is limited and there are few literary or historical sources. However, there is a rich sculptural record from this region and the discovery of a new warrior depiction on a massive monolith along with reconsideration of older discoveries reveals a distinctive materialization of a martial ideology enacted through the erection of carved stone monuments.
- early medieval
- late Roman