Water reforms in Brazil: opportunities and constraints

Antonio A R Ioris

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    17 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The last decade saw repeated attempts to adopt and implement an integrated management of water in Brazil. Internationally established principles, such as water economics and public participation, have influenced the development of a novel regulatory framework for water use and conservation in the country. However, despite changes in policies and in the legislation, the opportunity to address old and new management problems has been largely frustrated by the internal contradictions of the ongoing institutional reforms. A case study of the Paraíba do Sul River Basin demonstrates the distance between, on one hand, calls for decentralisation and responsibility sharing and, on the other hand, the persistence of bureaucratised and exclusionary practices. The main distortion is the excessive effort expended on the introduction of water pricing and environmental charges, a controversial policy instrument that has dominated the agenda of the new river basin committee, at the expense of addressing river restoration, public mobilisation and environmental justice.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)813-832
    Number of pages20
    JournalJournal of Environmental Planning and Management
    Volume52
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Sep 2009

    Fingerprint

    Brazil
    river basin
    water economics
    water
    institutional reform
    reform
    environmental justice
    Water
    regulatory framework
    Rivers
    river
    decentralization
    Catchments
    water use
    mobilization
    legislation
    persistence
    management
    restoration
    Restoration

    Keywords

    • water regulation
    • integrated water resource management (IWRM)
    • water charges
    • water pricing
    • public participation
    • Paraiba do Sul, Brazil

    Cite this

    Water reforms in Brazil : opportunities and constraints. / Ioris, Antonio A R.

    In: Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, Vol. 52, No. 6, 09.2009, p. 813-832.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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