Welfare and Trade Effects of International Environmental Agreements

Catia Montagna, Avanti Nisha Pinto, Nikolaos Vlassis* (Corresponding Author)

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
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We analyse the welfare effects of environmental policy arising from the formation of an international environmental agreement on the participating and non-participating countries and thus shed light on the potential incentives for a country to join such an agreement. Within a N-country Q-goods general equilibrium framework under free-trade conditions, we consider unilateral and cooperative policy settings and, within the latter, country-specific and fully harmonized policies within the agreement. A key result of the paper is the emergence of a negative relationship, arising from terms of trade effects, between the welfare changes of the participating and non-participating countries following the formation of the agreement. These however do not result in a zero sum welfare outcome for the world as a whole.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)331-345
Number of pages15
JournalEnvironmental and Resource Economics
Early online date7 Jun 2020
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020


  • International Environmental Agreements
  • Environmental taxation
  • international trade
  • Pareto efficiency
  • Pareto improving reforms
  • Climate change
  • International environmental agreements
  • International trade


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