What was the nature and role of Normapolles angiosperms?

A case study from the earliest Cenozoic of Eastern Europe

Robert J. Daly, David W. Jolley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Normapolles were an extinct group of early angiosperms which dominated much of the northern hemisphere during the Cretaceous. Although a product of early angiosperm radiation, they persisted beyond the K–Pg boundary, representing a significant proportion of the earliest Palaeocene palynological assemblage recovered from the Boltysh meteorite crater in Ukraine. While it is likely that many forms represent an ancestral lineage to modern day Fagales, particularly the walnut family (Juglandaceae), clear trends in certain species indicate that separate ecological preferences relating to temperature existed amongst them. In the Boltysh record the most abundant taxa occur preferentially within the early Danian hyperthermal, indicating a warm environment. Allied to their co-association with pollen of modern affinity, this suggests that they were scrubby, sclerophyllous plants akin to those which thrive in winter-wet ecosystems today. During and subsequent to the recovery from the early Danian hyperthermal these species decline and are replaced by different types. The Boltysh record demonstrates that in the very earliest Cenozoic, the Normapolles were a considerably more resilient and complex group than they are often portrayed and potentially important palaeoecological indicators.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-149
Number of pages9
JournalPalaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology
Volume418
Early online date30 Oct 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2015

Fingerprint

Danian
Eastern European region
angiosperm
Angiospermae
Fagales
Juglandaceae
case studies
Ukraine
walnuts
meteorite
Paleocene
crater
Northern Hemisphere
pollen
Cretaceous
winter
ecosystems
ecosystem
temperature
Eastern Europe

Keywords

  • normapolles
  • angiosperms
  • ecology
  • climate
  • palyngology
  • Danian

Cite this

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title = "What was the nature and role of Normapolles angiosperms?: A case study from the earliest Cenozoic of Eastern Europe",
abstract = "The Normapolles were an extinct group of early angiosperms which dominated much of the northern hemisphere during the Cretaceous. Although a product of early angiosperm radiation, they persisted beyond the K–Pg boundary, representing a significant proportion of the earliest Palaeocene palynological assemblage recovered from the Boltysh meteorite crater in Ukraine. While it is likely that many forms represent an ancestral lineage to modern day Fagales, particularly the walnut family (Juglandaceae), clear trends in certain species indicate that separate ecological preferences relating to temperature existed amongst them. In the Boltysh record the most abundant taxa occur preferentially within the early Danian hyperthermal, indicating a warm environment. Allied to their co-association with pollen of modern affinity, this suggests that they were scrubby, sclerophyllous plants akin to those which thrive in winter-wet ecosystems today. During and subsequent to the recovery from the early Danian hyperthermal these species decline and are replaced by different types. The Boltysh record demonstrates that in the very earliest Cenozoic, the Normapolles were a considerably more resilient and complex group than they are often portrayed and potentially important palaeoecological indicators.",
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N2 - The Normapolles were an extinct group of early angiosperms which dominated much of the northern hemisphere during the Cretaceous. Although a product of early angiosperm radiation, they persisted beyond the K–Pg boundary, representing a significant proportion of the earliest Palaeocene palynological assemblage recovered from the Boltysh meteorite crater in Ukraine. While it is likely that many forms represent an ancestral lineage to modern day Fagales, particularly the walnut family (Juglandaceae), clear trends in certain species indicate that separate ecological preferences relating to temperature existed amongst them. In the Boltysh record the most abundant taxa occur preferentially within the early Danian hyperthermal, indicating a warm environment. Allied to their co-association with pollen of modern affinity, this suggests that they were scrubby, sclerophyllous plants akin to those which thrive in winter-wet ecosystems today. During and subsequent to the recovery from the early Danian hyperthermal these species decline and are replaced by different types. The Boltysh record demonstrates that in the very earliest Cenozoic, the Normapolles were a considerably more resilient and complex group than they are often portrayed and potentially important palaeoecological indicators.

AB - The Normapolles were an extinct group of early angiosperms which dominated much of the northern hemisphere during the Cretaceous. Although a product of early angiosperm radiation, they persisted beyond the K–Pg boundary, representing a significant proportion of the earliest Palaeocene palynological assemblage recovered from the Boltysh meteorite crater in Ukraine. While it is likely that many forms represent an ancestral lineage to modern day Fagales, particularly the walnut family (Juglandaceae), clear trends in certain species indicate that separate ecological preferences relating to temperature existed amongst them. In the Boltysh record the most abundant taxa occur preferentially within the early Danian hyperthermal, indicating a warm environment. Allied to their co-association with pollen of modern affinity, this suggests that they were scrubby, sclerophyllous plants akin to those which thrive in winter-wet ecosystems today. During and subsequent to the recovery from the early Danian hyperthermal these species decline and are replaced by different types. The Boltysh record demonstrates that in the very earliest Cenozoic, the Normapolles were a considerably more resilient and complex group than they are often portrayed and potentially important palaeoecological indicators.

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