Who made mauveine first: Runge, Fritsche, Beissenhirtz or Perkin?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The oxidation of aniline or a mixture of aniline with o-toluidine and p-toluidine following Runge’s original method as carefully as possible, using chloride of lime [Ca(OCl)2], produces a coloured solution from which small amounts of mauveine were purified, isolated and analysed by LC-MS. The oxidation of aniline by the method of Fritsche and Beissenhirtz, using potassium dichromate and sulfuric acid, similar to WH Perkin’s patented method, also gave small quantities of mauveine. The composition of the anilines are suggested depending upon their sources, and Kekulé’s comments on these early contributions are summarised.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)758-762
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Chemical Research
Volume40
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2016

Fingerprint

2-toluidine
Aniline Compounds
Potassium Dichromate
Oxidation
Chlorides
Chemical analysis
aniline
lime
sulfuric acid
4-toluidine

Keywords

  • amines
  • aniline
  • mauveine
  • history of science
  • oxidation

Cite this

Who made mauveine first: Runge, Fritsche, Beissenhirtz or Perkin? / Plater, M. John; Raab, Andrea.

In: Journal of Chemical Research, Vol. 40, No. 12, 12.2016, p. 758-762.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{9c31545e9efb492ab7abd442ea642dc0,
title = "Who made mauveine first: Runge, Fritsche, Beissenhirtz or Perkin?",
abstract = "The oxidation of aniline or a mixture of aniline with o-toluidine and p-toluidine following Runge’s original method as carefully as possible, using chloride of lime [Ca(OCl)2], produces a coloured solution from which small amounts of mauveine were purified, isolated and analysed by LC-MS. The oxidation of aniline by the method of Fritsche and Beissenhirtz, using potassium dichromate and sulfuric acid, similar to WH Perkin’s patented method, also gave small quantities of mauveine. The composition of the anilines are suggested depending upon their sources, and Kekul{\'e}’s comments on these early contributions are summarised.",
keywords = "amines, aniline, mauveine, history of science, oxidation",
author = "Plater, {M. John} and Andrea Raab",
year = "2016",
month = "12",
language = "English",
volume = "40",
pages = "758--762",
journal = "Journal of Chemical Research",
issn = "0308-2342",
publisher = "Science Reviews Ltd",
number = "12",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Who made mauveine first: Runge, Fritsche, Beissenhirtz or Perkin?

AU - Plater, M. John

AU - Raab, Andrea

PY - 2016/12

Y1 - 2016/12

N2 - The oxidation of aniline or a mixture of aniline with o-toluidine and p-toluidine following Runge’s original method as carefully as possible, using chloride of lime [Ca(OCl)2], produces a coloured solution from which small amounts of mauveine were purified, isolated and analysed by LC-MS. The oxidation of aniline by the method of Fritsche and Beissenhirtz, using potassium dichromate and sulfuric acid, similar to WH Perkin’s patented method, also gave small quantities of mauveine. The composition of the anilines are suggested depending upon their sources, and Kekulé’s comments on these early contributions are summarised.

AB - The oxidation of aniline or a mixture of aniline with o-toluidine and p-toluidine following Runge’s original method as carefully as possible, using chloride of lime [Ca(OCl)2], produces a coloured solution from which small amounts of mauveine were purified, isolated and analysed by LC-MS. The oxidation of aniline by the method of Fritsche and Beissenhirtz, using potassium dichromate and sulfuric acid, similar to WH Perkin’s patented method, also gave small quantities of mauveine. The composition of the anilines are suggested depending upon their sources, and Kekulé’s comments on these early contributions are summarised.

KW - amines

KW - aniline

KW - mauveine

KW - history of science

KW - oxidation

M3 - Article

VL - 40

SP - 758

EP - 762

JO - Journal of Chemical Research

JF - Journal of Chemical Research

SN - 0308-2342

IS - 12

ER -