Women's attractiveness judgments of self-resembling faces change across the menstrual cycle

Lisa Marie Debruine, Benedict Christopher Jones, D. I. Perrett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

88 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two lines of reasoning predict that women's preferences for people exhibiting cues to kinship will be lower in the follicular phase than in the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle. Women may avoid kinship cues during the follicular phase when they are most fertile due to the costs of inbreeding. Alternatively, women may seek kinship cues during the luteal phase as a byproduct of the benefits of associating with kin during pregnancy, which is also characterized by high progesterone. We find that preferences for facial resemblance, a putative kinship cue, follow this predicted pattern and are positively correlated with estimated progesterone levels based on cycle day. Neither estimated estrogen levels nor conception risk predicted preferences for self-resemblance, and the cyclic shift was stronger for preferences for female faces than male faces. These findings lead to the possibility that this cyclic change in preference for self-resemblance may be a byproduct of a hormonal mechanism for increasing affiliative behavior toward kin during pregnancy rather than a mechanism for preventing inbreeding during fertile periods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)379-383
Number of pages4
JournalHormones and Behavior
Volume47
Issue number4
Early online date25 Jan 2005
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2005

Fingerprint

Menstrual Cycle
Cues
Follicular Phase
Inbreeding
Luteal Phase
Progesterone
Fertile Period
Pregnancy
Estrogens
Costs and Cost Analysis

Cite this

Women's attractiveness judgments of self-resembling faces change across the menstrual cycle. / Debruine, Lisa Marie; Jones, Benedict Christopher; Perrett, D. I.

In: Hormones and Behavior, Vol. 47, No. 4, 04.2005, p. 379-383.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Debruine, Lisa Marie ; Jones, Benedict Christopher ; Perrett, D. I. / Women's attractiveness judgments of self-resembling faces change across the menstrual cycle. In: Hormones and Behavior. 2005 ; Vol. 47, No. 4. pp. 379-383.
@article{ca00f9d2b28242cf9d1cc67e24358bbb,
title = "Women's attractiveness judgments of self-resembling faces change across the menstrual cycle",
abstract = "Two lines of reasoning predict that women's preferences for people exhibiting cues to kinship will be lower in the follicular phase than in the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle. Women may avoid kinship cues during the follicular phase when they are most fertile due to the costs of inbreeding. Alternatively, women may seek kinship cues during the luteal phase as a byproduct of the benefits of associating with kin during pregnancy, which is also characterized by high progesterone. We find that preferences for facial resemblance, a putative kinship cue, follow this predicted pattern and are positively correlated with estimated progesterone levels based on cycle day. Neither estimated estrogen levels nor conception risk predicted preferences for self-resemblance, and the cyclic shift was stronger for preferences for female faces than male faces. These findings lead to the possibility that this cyclic change in preference for self-resemblance may be a byproduct of a hormonal mechanism for increasing affiliative behavior toward kin during pregnancy rather than a mechanism for preventing inbreeding during fertile periods.",
author = "Debruine, {Lisa Marie} and Jones, {Benedict Christopher} and Perrett, {D. I.}",
year = "2005",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1016/j.yhbeh.2004.11.006",
language = "English",
volume = "47",
pages = "379--383",
journal = "Hormones and Behavior",
issn = "0018-506X",
publisher = "ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Women's attractiveness judgments of self-resembling faces change across the menstrual cycle

AU - Debruine, Lisa Marie

AU - Jones, Benedict Christopher

AU - Perrett, D. I.

PY - 2005/4

Y1 - 2005/4

N2 - Two lines of reasoning predict that women's preferences for people exhibiting cues to kinship will be lower in the follicular phase than in the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle. Women may avoid kinship cues during the follicular phase when they are most fertile due to the costs of inbreeding. Alternatively, women may seek kinship cues during the luteal phase as a byproduct of the benefits of associating with kin during pregnancy, which is also characterized by high progesterone. We find that preferences for facial resemblance, a putative kinship cue, follow this predicted pattern and are positively correlated with estimated progesterone levels based on cycle day. Neither estimated estrogen levels nor conception risk predicted preferences for self-resemblance, and the cyclic shift was stronger for preferences for female faces than male faces. These findings lead to the possibility that this cyclic change in preference for self-resemblance may be a byproduct of a hormonal mechanism for increasing affiliative behavior toward kin during pregnancy rather than a mechanism for preventing inbreeding during fertile periods.

AB - Two lines of reasoning predict that women's preferences for people exhibiting cues to kinship will be lower in the follicular phase than in the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle. Women may avoid kinship cues during the follicular phase when they are most fertile due to the costs of inbreeding. Alternatively, women may seek kinship cues during the luteal phase as a byproduct of the benefits of associating with kin during pregnancy, which is also characterized by high progesterone. We find that preferences for facial resemblance, a putative kinship cue, follow this predicted pattern and are positively correlated with estimated progesterone levels based on cycle day. Neither estimated estrogen levels nor conception risk predicted preferences for self-resemblance, and the cyclic shift was stronger for preferences for female faces than male faces. These findings lead to the possibility that this cyclic change in preference for self-resemblance may be a byproduct of a hormonal mechanism for increasing affiliative behavior toward kin during pregnancy rather than a mechanism for preventing inbreeding during fertile periods.

U2 - 10.1016/j.yhbeh.2004.11.006

DO - 10.1016/j.yhbeh.2004.11.006

M3 - Article

VL - 47

SP - 379

EP - 383

JO - Hormones and Behavior

JF - Hormones and Behavior

SN - 0018-506X

IS - 4

ER -